Safer internet: One ROAR at a time

Harassment is defined by Merriam Webster as an unpleasant and hostile situation for an uninvited and unwelcome verbal or physical conduct. Simply put, it is a type of behaviour that is persistently annoying. In this article, we’ll discuss the idea of verbal harassment online. We spend around 3.5 hours on our phones, daily. Owing to the pandemic, an average Indian spent 4.3 hours a day on smartphones after the first lockdown began in March 2020. 

The internet as a whole is a service provided to us, consumers. The very essence of being a consumer is the ‘power of participation’. Imagine if we the consumers stopped being bothered about purchasing things that we need, things we want and the things we’re convinced that we would need – thanks to marketing! 

As a consumer, we are involved in the business activity of a firm. A firm is born when an idea is given tangibility. 

Take a moment and look at the other open tabs, apps on your device as you read this. Every app serves a particular purpose, to satisfy the kind of expectations you have from being a member of the digital space. The demographic of users differ from one platform to another.

Every platform on the internet provides you with a sense of gratification, mainly of being informed, being seen and being heard. However, in the last few years, we’ve seen these platforms duplicating the features of each other. 

Snapchat was the first social media service to have the ‘Snap story’- a feature which allows the user to post content with a 24-hour lifespan. This feature was subsequently duplicated by Instagram, Facebook and on Twitter. 

What’s that got to do with harassment?

It’s funny how competing social media brands with such variation in their respective demographics are chasing after imitating what one has to offer. What’s the Unique Selling proposition (USP) then? 

It is you. Social networking sites are all about finding and building your communities. 

The platforms which cater to the highest number of like-minded people to you are the ones you’re more likely to spend your time on. 

Yet, here lies the problem. Every person with an internet presence is entitled to their communities. When it comes to usage of these social media platforms, there’s no such divide you and the celebrity with 50 million followers. To the platform, you and the celebrity are equal consumers. 

The impact of social media on consumer behaviour is more deeply rooted than we know, we’ll try to empirically prove it and write on it soon. As I’m writing this article a bunch of people belonging to the Reddit community r/Wallstreetbets have blown the share price of an almost bankrupt GameStop. Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX tweeted about Dogecoin and the cryptocurrency’s price escalated to a whopping 50%.  When a bunch of Redditors can come together shaking the entire Wall Street in a matter of hours, I think it is pretty clear to understand that power of the internet is unmatchable. I mean it’s just too difficult to keep up! 

Also, to give you some Indian context- Rihanna just tweeted about the Farmers protest and the rest is history. A countless number of people get verbally abused online, every passing minute. It is almost like the freedom of speech comes at a confusing cost. Yes, I said confusing. 

Harassment online was a part and parcel of being online since the dawn of the internet itself.  

First of all, it is necessary to distinguish between verbal harassment online Vs verbal harassment in the real world. In the digital realm, you don’t exist. It’s another you created by you who lacks the trauma, the empathy, the memories and the experiences. To be more precise, the “internet you” lacks the humanness your real self possess.

The “real you” might physically react to a lure comment, a racial slur or catcalling. On the internet, your abuser enjoys anonymous autonomy. The next step is to report the abuse. 

In the real world– law enforcement systems function by relying on evidence. Evidence is the aftermath of abuse. It could be a wound, a scar, damage to life or property.  One can file a complaint, demand for legal action to take against the abuser; provided there is sufficient evidence. On the contrary, there is enough documentation of the abuse happening online in the form of screenshots, the viewership of people who visited the website or the post. 

However, there is an inadequate online footprint of law enforcement. An FIR merely creates an avenue for further investigation of the incident. Platforms like Instagram have such ambiguity in terms of their privacy settings. You can either have a public profile, giving access to whooping 1 Billion users or to keep your profile private- allowing to be viewed by a set of people whom you approve of. There is no in-between. 

Social media platforms boast about their community guidelines, their ardent efforts in safeguarding the sanity present on the internet. They use machine learning and AI to identify words which could be offensive, triggering and pauses the process of posting. Ex: On Instagram any content which includes the word- Pandemic/ COVID-19 has a Public Service Announcement (PSA) which pops up to educate the user more about the chosen words. Twitter did this with the Hashtags long ago. 

Anyone on the internet is prone to abuse, 8 out of 10 Indians have been cyberbullied. As of March 2020, cyberbullying of women and kids rose to 36%.
In Bihar, 4 out of 5 women haven’t even used the internet according to a National Family Health Survey (NFHS) report.

The spectrum of users is so vast that there is a need for a neutral reporting mechanism. When a user identifies abuse; they report it directly to the platform. This complaint is addressed 4-5 days later. In most of the cases, these accounts are blocked, or even deleted. And in a matter of hours, the abuser creates another account. This the perpetual pattern of the reporting social media houses provide to its users. 

What happens if the insult or abuse is never identified by the software installed to restrict such content? 

This is called “Abuse in disguise”. Abusers will always prowl their way into your messages to attack you. It needn’t be with hate speech, cuss words or deepfake pornography. They’re conscious of the content that would alert the detection mechanisms in these platforms. Hence, they use context-based photos, texts that would go through the filter and continue to harass people online. Ex: A pro-choice activist is sent a photo of cracked eggs soaked in blood.  

Here’s an idea- What if there’s a physical regulatory body in every local law enforcement which overlooks the complaints filed by people present in their locale?

An active IT Cell which can address these complaints faster and hold these abusers accountable? 

Decentralising the process of grievance redressal will fasten the rate at which complaints are addressed. Having personnel exclusively appointed to perform the following functions: 

  • Acknowledging the complaint by categorizing it according to the severity of the situation
  •  Running through a database to check the frequency of complaints received against the same harasser/bully. 
  • Identify the IP address, notify the billing address-linked email address, send an automated memo or warning, then slow down the speed of internet as a penalty, then in the worst case, cut down access. Further, a terminated address won’t be able to take a new connection from the same address for 2-3 months. 
  • Alerting the given platform about the abuse- so that the account is removed.  
  • Sending out disclaimer from the local law enforcement alerting people to strictly avoid any online interaction with the given user name/ ID. 

Millions of users report abuse to social media platforms, just to be ignored or denied help. This is because the detection mechanism is a software or is done with the help of AI. There has always been a lack of humanness in the receiving end of these complaints. 

This can be done with  API – Application programming interfaces. When the government intervenes, platforms can be assured with credibility and a sense of stakeholdership. Every district can have the “ROAR”  – Regional Online Abuse Report. 

  •  Every platform should be forced to feed it’s “Abuse Reports” & its actions are taken to resolve it into ROAR. This should be based on Geography, jurisdiction as per local law, etc.
  •  All platforms should allow users to export Abuse Reports automatically to ROAR via APIs designed to generate all “logs” identifying both the abused & the abuser’s IP address details encrypted in a format only internal ROAR systems can access, including the “verbal interaction records” with the consent of one of the parties to disclose, along with “timestamp” of when what happened.
  • API merely is the access point that Social Media companies have to give to ROAR to legally pull that data out. For that, legal approval has to be made online as well.
  • Say I report that X abused me – I can take a screenshot & share it but it can be doctored or photoshopped too.

So, the actual proof has to come from this API-pull from the platform.

  • In this case, when I report, I send a request to the social media platform for reporting to ROAR. It’ll bundle all the necessary evidence, encrypt data between you & me, & then send it to ROAR. ROAR can decrypt it with an adequate legal pass. After online law says yes, a report is submitted. 
  • Another alternative is to go via ROAR, log in with your Social Media account, then make Facebook API give the bundle to be uploaded to ROAR. 

 One of the major concerns was the lack of empathy at the receiving end of these complaints of abuse. The ROAR system paves the way to a much more inclusive form of reporting. By breaking down the function of surveillance into smaller and more accessible groups we can make the internet a much safer space, one ROAR at a time.


Homeschooling in India: Unschooling Jagani Sisters

In 2018-19, my sisters Kashish & Tanishk had to join additional classes apart from their daily school, entering 9th & 8th standard. They joined these extra classes not because they wanted to, but because their friends were taking them to score better marks and grades in exams. My sisters were not happy about that. Their everyday routine involved school, classes, home-work and preparing for tests, etc., leaving very little time for doing things they truly wanted to do or learn. They hardly got any time to explore their personal interests. There was so much to learn & explore but they got tied among 7 subjects: half of which they were not interested to study and the other half was outdated and irrelevant. The world is changing much faster and the current education system’s content, format and teachings are growing less relevant to this age. We need to set a lifelong-education curriculum/system to our kids to become self-sufficient, employable and grow in all of their interests. Traditional schools are killing curiosity and are making kids less adaptable to change, making life difficult for these kids. We, parents, are also to blame for dodging a kid’s questions as silly.

I see no need in discussing the obvious flaws in our education system today. I am for schooling, if they choose to educate and not just teach the text; if they focus on learning than marks; if they encourage exploring their purpose in life than just stacking meaningless certificates; if they teach to appreciate failures as much as success; if they feed curiosity than run to finish a chapter; if they instill interest in picking up a skill than fear imperfection; if they choose to build values and character than neglect to dissuade from becoming greedy. Somehow the system or the people fail us; unless we create the system and choose to be those people, things are not bound to change.

Hence, time came in my family, where we chose to empower and enable my sisters to write their own life. Homeschooling was one option I wanted them to explore. With homeschooling, I thought we can encourage and teach them skills that interests them and may help them make their own life. Needless to say, it will be a tremendous responsibility to undertake. It takes an entire tribe to raise kids. Once society evolved collectively, people created a dedicated community of people for teaching and housed them under what we call as schools or gurukuls. Today, this dedicated group within that system is failing us. So, we ought to make our own selection of people from the tribe to help us raise these kids. In this digital age, it’s not that difficult. You only need to ask for help and many will step in to help you and your kids find their way.

Drop out of School?

Once, I was very clear in my thoughts: I was ready to take the responsibility of creating that system. I spoke about my sisters difficulties, falling marks and lack of interest in their education to my uncle (my sister’s dad) with my understanding of their past, present & hope for their future. I explained how the death of their curiosity has made school difficult, more of a routine instead of a place to explore and gain knowledge. I requested him to consider unschooling and start homeschooling my sisters.

My uncle took his time to think and came back with so many questions and together we discussed on how to go about this. I had done plenty of research about this earlier which came in handy. I was not rushing them into this. No matter what, their parents had to be very sure about this because they will have to engage with my sisters all through the 24 hours and they will have to play a major role in every aspect to shape their life choices. This meant that the decision was not just about homeschooling my sisters but also meant that life would change for the parents too. You ought to change your lifestyle in every aspect. Instead of depending on a school for your child’s progress, you try to create a system that you have to manage on your own. This meant that you would have no one else to blame for any irregularities. So, homeschooling may sound easier but for parents it is bound to be a million times harder when you have to adapt and change as an adult for your kids’ well-being.

Adapting to home-schooling was not the hardest challenge, it was societal acceptance, the resistance from society was the hardest to deal with. Leaving school was extremely difficult because nobody knew what homeschooling was. People had many prejudices: that your child is dropping out of school because he/she is not good at studying or that you didn’t have money to pay the fees or the worst of all, they assumed that we wouldn’t care about them because they were girls. None of them were true in our case. We were actually working harder everyday to plan for our girls’ education, our budgets in fact had to be larger to include travelling and enrolling into programs. The girl-factor was the opposite: we wanted them to be empowered and choose the life they dreamed.

Thankfully, my uncle overcame all these barriers. In early March this year, my uncle agreed to unschool and home-school my sisters after considering every possibility and immediately we sat down to discuss this with my aunt. Again, we had to be very clear to her in every aspect because she would be central to the girls’ involvement and development. One thing that persuaded us into believing in this uncommon path, was the confidence in our girls that they will independently make choices in life and can write their own story. They have to learn to manage their life, become self-sufficient in every aspect and spend their lives with confidence that they built themselves all on their own. We had many days of discussions, even with the girls, as they were in 8th & 9th and had a perspective of their own. After many a discussion, we left the decision to the girls. We gave them our full support in their independent choice. We gave them time to think, research and discuss with whoever they felt like talking to. They decided to take this road less traveled. Now, we were confident despite the risks.

Journey begins…

Now that we decided to home-school the girls, we had to enroll into the Open schooling board in India, the National Institute of Open Schooling(NIOS). NIOS conducts exams for open-schooling students. Interestingly, NIOS provides incredible subjects to select from that got the girls excited. With this, we had no risk of not passing 10th or completely loosing college opportunities. This process is recognised by the Indian government. With freedom, now they have time to experiment and build the skills that they like and in this process, may be they would discover what they’d like to do with their lives. The one aspect people worry a lot about is that they would miss a classroom environment of peers of traditional schooling and friends. In our case, the girls left school at the right time when they already had many friends from their old school. So, they continue with the same circle of friends. But besides these friends, they make new friends as they explore the world while doing many activities. They meet new peers, get new perspective, understand our culture, heritage and much more. They are broadening their horizons.

Learning Jewellery Making from Terracotta at Medini Handicrafts, Mumbai.

To give them an idea about how this was going to be, we began with their creative taste. We took them to a Terracotta-jewellery-making workshop. They thoroughly enjoyed it and the course had their entire attention. This was to set an example of how their next few weeks was going to be. It was a perfect start to their homeschooling journey. Besides learning hands-on art, I introduced them to successful women from various fields. These women shared their experiences from their independent life’s journey and talked about the opportunities that exist in the world beyond the commonly known ones. These women were mentors and guides to them. They also made them look at the world differently beyond just our familiar eyes of the family. This way, the girls could look beyond our biases.

Learning by Doing and Observing

The first thing, I did, was to give them a taste of this lifelong journey ahead in unschooling. I planned to take them on a trip as a family. I knew they liked Arts & Creative endeavors. So, we planned a trip to Jaipur – the Creative capital of India. This was not another usual family trip. This was different from any other trips we had taken. We did not just tour the city but walked through every nook and corner understanding every story behind. We walked through the forts, city palaces, streets, traditional art communities of block printing, pottery, Lac Bangles, Carpet making, theatre, Virasat Foundation, Jawahar kala Kendra, Mud Houses, Jantar Mantar and much more. It was not just art but history, culture, tradition, people and stories behind each stone of that place. The Jaipur journey was life changing to them and they learnt so much because they had never explored anything this deep.

We, then, traveled to Barefoot College in Tilonia, Rajastan. This was a college without degrees. The entire Barefoot college was run and built by less literate villagers. This model seemed to have worked in Tilonia that visitors from South Africa and many other countries drop-by for learning, and training. Our family was amazed to see how the men and women, who never walked far in formal education, transformed the lifestyle of the place. They were living a dignified life, earning their livelihood by making solar products, puppets, khadi work, managing radio station, doing basic dentistry, kabaad-se-jugaad and many other things. This instilled some more confidence in my uncle, aunt and the girls. Now, they were beginning to sound more confident in how they can achieve great things outside the traditional systems.

After the Tilonia experience, they went to Udaipur to witness how homeschooling worked. They went to meet Manish & Vidhi Jain, Founder of Shikshantar Andolan and Swaraj University; they were Unschooling their daughter too. They do various activities everyday in which kids participated and parents got to learn many insights from Ms. Jain. She was enabling and engaging with many home-schoolers, un-schoolers with her daughter. Ms. Jain believes that parents are the best teachers and Guru. She suggested kids to spend more time with their parents, grand parents, family, relatives and community to make friends for life. This seems obvious but an eye-opener sometimes. We forget this is how humans made friendships and not just in schools.

The girls’ daily routine includes outdoor and indoor learning plans. We task them to do many activities. The primary intent was to build a lifetime habit that would enrich them physically, mentally & emotionally. This can make their life sustainable, self-sufficient, independent and happier.

Following is their everyday schedule which we change as and when required:

  1. Spiritual rituals
    • Yoga, Going to Temple, Worshiping, Meditation. These are important in one’s life to help connect to the Soul
  2. Sports (Swimming, Badminton)
    • One simple rule to living healthy is to constantly work our body. With changing times, we are not much physically active anymore. So, we make sure that there is enough sports, exercises, etc to be fit physically and mentally.
  3. Newspaper/Book Reading
    • There is no doubt reading is essential for gaining knowledge and today it is crucial to learn many things from other’s experiences & failures. You can connect the dots among various events happening and deduce the ‘TRUTH’ that is hidden deep.
  4. Cooking
    • Food is a fundamental need. Our kids should not be dependent on anyone to get a healthy food; not even the parents. The laziness in cooking is making people go behind packaged cans & unhealthy fast foods. Even parents want to make things in two minutes. This is dangerous to our well-being. So, girls experiment and learn cooking.
  5. Researching on Spices, Pulses, Vegetables, Fruits
    • Food contributes to our health, thought process and our actions. It impacts us physically, mentally and emotionally. It changes our hormones and could mess with our body implanting diseases. So a sense of knowing about the evolution of that which makes our food is important.  Which type of food/ingredient is essential to do what, etc. is a must-know. It can cure disorders, diseases and many health issues.
  6. Activity of their choice (Creative, Dance, Guitar, Languages etc)
    • Learning something new is good for our mind. You will eventually find what interests you. Also, you are experiencing various things which may turn out to be useful at some point in your life. One would never know. Besides, it helps you connect with many fields and creates a different mindset.
  7. Monthly Study Topic (Climate Change, Water, Evolution in Human Body)
    • There are many topics which needs attention, understanding, and research to create awareness. This may lead to a field one would want to dedicate their lifetime-work to social causes
  8. Story Reading
    • Stories are the greatest methods to learn. We connect with concepts that are told to us as stories. So, reading stories can give us many perspectives. These stories can also teach us from every character’s experiences on how to act in different situations.
  9. NIOS Studies for their 10th
    • This is to help in clearing their 10th exams. The subjects they have opted are English, Psychology, Home-science, Business Studies, Culture & Heritage.
  10. Religious learning
    • Knowing one’s root, culture and tradition is important. This helps you comprehend your existence and grow as a human. Every religion has a few basic principles a) Non-Violence (In Thoughts & Actions) b) Understanding & Respecting Others: their perspectives and circumstances. Teaching such basic principles is a parent’s responsibility.
  11. Writing their daily experience about one thing they learned
    • Comprehending your thoughts is very crucial. Writing personal experiences help kids in improving their language, vocabulary, grammar and most importantly articulating their thoughts for people to understand.

Besides their daily routine, travel is a critical observation-based learning that we plan to do every 2-3 months. This way, they learn about new places, people, culture, perspectives, traditions and much more, to make them more assertive and receptive at the same time. They need to learn to face any situation in their life. They need to leave their bias and accept/respect multiple realities and points of view.

Needless to say it’s all not as easy as it looks. Changing routine, mindset and behavior of kids, parents and me, as well, is a nightmare. There have been times when you feel everything is not going by plan; but it is also important to understand that, that’s how life works and will always be. We all have to give time to each other. We are trained to do things in a certain way but it is time we learn to break that familiar pattern.

As guardian/parents, our responsibility is to help the coming generations to find answers to their questions and introduce them to alternate opportunities where they can learn and grow further if that interests them. It’s a long road ahead for us and we are beginning to see good changes, slowly. We are out of that rat race, and we are walking in a direction of making this journey of life experiential, enriching, engaging and enjoyable.


Depressed India needs to discuss about it

Globally, over 322 million people suffer from depression; what’s more, the number of people living with this condition has jumped by a whopping 18.4% between 2005 and 2015 (WHO). That apart, every 40 seconds, a person kills himself/herself (chiefly due to mental illness), putting suicide amongst the leading causes of death in the world. Approximately 1.5% of deaths in 2015 were a result of this; in fact, the number of suicides committed globally stood at 7,88,000 in 2014 itself!

Probably more worrisome is the fact that over half of the total number of depressed people belong to the South-East Asian and Pacific regions, with people in India and China constituting a large part of this population.  The study by WHO which states this ultimately concludes that India is the most depressed country in the world – a very grave fact. What did we do to deserve this place?


Why does India invest in Space?

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) budget for fiscal year of 2018 was around Rs. 10,000 crore which amounted to about 0.0004% of the 2018 Union Budget of India. To understand the broad reasons behind this investment, it is important to highlight the direct and indirect benefits of Space to the country. The reasons behind the establishment and continued existence of national space programs can be broadly classed under ‘Geopolitical’, ‘Societal’, ‘Scientific’ and ‘Commercial’ gains to the country. In this post, I will briefly summarize how these individual gain areas were the primary motivations for major space agencies of the world. How do these play out as opportunities for India to capitalize on, as it moves ahead? Read on for my two cents.  


Is the Energy Industry Cyber Secure?

Electricity is the major driving force for any economy. ‘Access to clean and affordable energy’, is one of the goals under 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. According to International Energy Agency and World Bank, one-quarter of India’s population lacks access to electricity. While access to electricity has been a challenge for decades, there is one other emerging problem which is ensuring cyber security in the energy sector. Economies have become more dependent on Information and communication Technology (ICT) and hence vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Cyber-attacks target the economic infrastructure to reduce the available state resources and undermine the confidence in their supporting structures. The most serious cyber security risks are those that threaten the functioning of Critical Information Infrastructures (CII). In India, the National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Center (NCIIIPC), the nodal agency for protection of CII, has identified eight CII which are: Telecom, Banking and Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI), Government database, Power & Energy, Strategic & Public Enterprises (PSUs and Heavy Industries).


The Bridge Project

bridge_Proof-Of-Concept-SectionWhy does one want to solve problems in the society? Our mind is a river and these problems around us are like rocks which obstruct its flow. When the mind-river get obstructed, one cannot live in peace. Some rocks smaller, some bigger, some huge. This article is about one such huge rock that affected me 4 years ago and how I tried to alleviate this obstruction. My name is Dhananjay. I am 37 years old, an engineer by profession and I also has spent 20 hours a week for last 4 years trying to solve some problems around me. I co-founded an NGO (non-governmental organization that is not-for-profit), Joining the Dots Foundation predominantly run by volunteers.


Around late 2015, I was browsing through MHRD website reports to understand the state of education in India. I learned about the ASER reports there. Out of curiosity, I went on to read through the entire ASER (Annual School Education) website. The reports that I saw that day had a very deep impact on me. Probably a little less today than that day with best hopes that our efforts will change this condition. One of the findings in the report said 40% of Grade 5 students cannot read Grade 2 text books.


2 Stars for that for that pothole!

Do you even remember how many times you have seethed in rage over a huge portion of your street being ripped open for laying some wire or pipes only to be never closed again? Or when the public works lays a new road on top of the existing one repeatedly such that your front gate is now below the road level? Or when the storm water drains fail miserably during heavy rain? Or how about going to government office to get any work done?  Getting your pension or birth or community certificates, almost any government service under the sun has always been irritating in our country, irrespective of the party in power. You have to admit that even when your favorite political party is in power, these blood boiling irritations remain.

Now as a Product Manager, I have to think a lot about user experience, i.e such as ease of use, how quickly and efficiently the user’s objectives are accomplished. So we’ll have Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and objective metrics to track


Zero to 1: Private Governance as a Service

By the turn of this century Africans will constitute 40% of the world’s population. At approximately 1.3 billion people Africa’s population is presently lower than that of China. Over the next 80 years that will change in an incredibly massive way. Whilst this transformation happens, something else equally impressive will be taking place; Africa will be urbanising at unprecedented levels. Almost 20% of the world’s urban population will end up living in African cities; that is some 2.5 billion people. Whats more, at that point in history, Africa’s total urban population is likely to only be 60% of its population versus ~86% in the U.S. today. I believe it’s urbanisation and population growth story will likely persist into the 22nd century; with population growth beginning to slow as Africa becomes more affluent, but with urbanisation likely continuing to be fairly rapid. In many ways the story of Africa over the next two centuries will be one of existing cities growing into mega-cities on the one hand, and completely new cities being built from scratch on the other. Lagos is expected to grow into a city of ~100 million by 2100, up from ~20 million today. Lusaka, where I live, may grow into a city of >30 million by 2100 up from ~3 million today. In both cases I’m doubtful that municipal or central governments will be able to finance the infrastructure rollout required to make such growth in populations sustainable. Financing the growth & the existing deficits at the same time would prove to be an insurmountable challenge. Rather I believe that the private sector will be the means by which the growth of city populations in Africa will be made not only sustainable but rather—possible. The alternate reality will be urban sprawl that consists mostly of shanty cities. A future I believe most people in Africa would prefer not to see unfold.


No good excuse to deter #MeToo

So the MeToo wave has finally crashed our shores in India and we are starting to see many famous celebrities getting hit by this wave surfed by some brave women. News channels are discussing these celebrities, people are writing about celebrities are who are exposed, some are shocked, some don’t want to believe anything. But the point of view of everyone whether they support or hate the movement, the MeToo movement from when it picked up steam in Hollywood to its recent strong arrival in India is somehow still largely viewed as a phenomenon that affects celebrities and some of the critics of the movement describe it an as a movement that only gives voice to the urban elites.

And there lays a big problem of this perspective,


#MeToo in India

I am disturbed by the number of posts in the social media against various celebrities be it a minister or an actor or a lyricist or a musician in the past week or 10 days. This is not a very good sign of civility in public life if the news feed is in fact correct and it is time to act against such persons whoever be them. This does not create any aspersion on the genuineness of the allegations made but a detailed investigation only can bring out the truth and the malady surrounding these instances can be addressed through coercive or legislative pronouncements.

On going through the history of such incidents,